Romanian Revolution Wikipedia

Romanian Revolution - Wikipedia.

The Romanian Revolution (Romanian: Revolutia Romana) was a period of violent civil unrest in Romania during December 1989 as a part of the Revolutions of 1989 that occurred in several countries around the world. The Romanian Revolution started in the city of Timisoara and soon spread throughout the country, ultimately culminating in the show trial and execution of ....

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Nicolae Ceaușescu - Wikipedia.

Nicolae Ceausescu (/ t? a? ' ? e s k u: / chow-SHESK-oo, Romanian: [niko'la.e t?ea.u'?esku] (); 5 February [O.S. 23 January] 1918 - 25 December 1989) was a Romanian communist politician and dictator. He was the general secretary of the Romanian Communist Party from 1965 to 1989, and the second and last Communist leader of Romania. He was also the country's head of ....

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Ion Iliescu - Wikipedia.

Romanian Revolution. The Romanian Revolution began as a popular revolt in Timisoara. After Ceausescu was overthrown on 22 December, the political vacuum was filled by an organization named National Salvation Front (FSN: Frontul Salvarii Nationale), formed spontaneously by second-rank Communist party members opposed to the policies of ....

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Romanian - Wikipedia.

Romanian may refer to: anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Romania. Romanians, an ethnic group; Romanian language, a Romance language Romanian dialects, variants of the Romanian language; Romanian cuisine, traditional foods; Romanian folklore; Romanian (stage), a stage in the Paratethys stratigraphy of Central and Eastern ....

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Proletarian revolution - Wikipedia.

A proletarian revolution or proletariat revolution is a social revolution in which the working class attempts to overthrow the bourgeoisie and change the previous political system. Proletarian revolutions are generally advocated by socialists , communists and anarchists ..

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Singing Revolution - Wikipedia.

The Singing Revolution (Estonian: laulev revolutsioon; Latvian: dziesmota revolucija; Lithuanian: dainuojanti revoliucija) is a commonly used name for events that led to the restoration of independence of the Baltic nations of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania from the Soviet Union at the end of the Cold War. The term was coined by an Estonian activist and artist, Heinz Valk, in an ....

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Origin of the Romanians - Wikipedia.

Several theories address the issue of the origin of the Romanians.The Romanian language descends from the Vulgar Latin dialects spoken in the Roman provinces north of the "Jirecek Line" (a proposed notional line separating the predominantly Latin-speaking territories from the Greek-speaking lands in Southeastern Europe) in Late Antiquity.The theory of Daco-Roman ....

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Romanian Armed Forces - Wikipedia.

The first attempt to create an independent Romanian army was made by Gheorghe Magheru during the 1848 Wallachian Revolution, and it was based at Raureni (now part of Ramnicu Valcea).However, Magheru rapidly ordered his troops to disband when the Ottoman forces swept into Bucharest to stop the revolution.. Romanian War of Independence.

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Alexandru Ioan Cuza - Wikipedia.

Alexandru Ioan Cuza (pronounced [alek'sandru i'oan 'kuza] (), or Alexandru Ioan I, also anglicised as Alexander John Cuza; 20 March 1820 - 15 May 1873) was the first domnitor (Ruler) of the Romanian Principalities through his double election as prince of Moldavia on 5 January 1859 and prince of Wallachia on 24 January 1859, which resulted in the unification of both states..

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Government of Romania - Wikipedia.

The Government of Romania (Romanian: Guvernul Romaniei) forms one half of the executive branch of the government of Romania (the other half being the office of the President of Romania).It is headed by the Prime Minister of Romania, and consists of the ministries, various subordinated institutions and agencies, and the 42 prefectures.The seat of the Romanian ....

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Romanian Land Forces - Wikipedia.

The Romanian Land Forces (Romanian: Fortele Terestre Romane) is the army of Romania, and the main component of the Romanian Armed Forces.In recent years, full professionalisation and a major equipment overhaul have transformed the nature of the Land Forces. [citation needed]The Romanian Land Forces was founded on 24 November [O.S. 12 November] 1859..

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Socialist Republic of Romania - Wikipedia.

The Socialist Republic of Romania (Romanian: Republica Socialista Romania, RSR) was a Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist state that existed officially in Romania from 1947 to 1989. From 1947 to 1965, the state was known as the Romanian People's Republic (Republica Populara Romina, RPR).The country was an Eastern Bloc state and a member of the Warsaw ....

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King of Romania - Wikipedia.

After the Revolution of 1989, the former king visited Romania to an enthusiastic reception in the streets of Bucharest; the royal estates and properties in Romania were restored. However, the country preserved its republican character.. The former king was respected and recognized by the Parliament. His grandson regularly visits different organizations in Romania..

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Ethnic clashes of Târgu Mureș - Wikipedia.

The ethnic clashes of Targu Mures (also called Black March, Hungarian: Fekete Marcius) refer to violent incidents against the Hungarian ethnic group in Targu Mures and surrounding settlements in Transylvania, Romania in March 1990. The clashes were the bloodiest inter-ethnic incidents of the post-communist era in Transylvania. Targu Mures (Hungarian: Marosvasarhely) is a ....

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Armenian genocide - Wikipedia.

The Armenian genocide was the systematic destruction of the Armenian people and identity in the Ottoman Empire during World War I.Spearheaded by the ruling Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), it was implemented primarily through the mass murder of around one million Armenians during death marches to the Syrian Desert and the forced Islamization of Armenian ....

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Mediterranean Sea - Wikipedia.

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Western and Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant.The Sea has played a central role in the history of Western civilization.Although the Mediterranean ....

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People Power Revolution - Wikipedia.

The People Power Revolution, also known as the EDSA Revolution or the February Revolution, was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines, mostly in Metro Manila, from February 22 to 25, 1986. There was a sustained campaign of civil resistance against regime violence and electoral fraud..

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Romania in World War II - Wikipedia.

In 1940 Romania's territorial gains made following World War I were largely undone. In July, after a Soviet ultimatum, Romania agreed to give up Bessarabia and northern Bukovina (the Soviets also annexed the city of Hertsa, which was not stated in the ultimatum).Two-thirds of Bessarabia were combined with a small part of the Soviet Union to form the Moldavian Soviet Socialist ....

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Mensheviks - Wikipedia.

The Mensheviks (Russian: ??????????, from ??????????? 'minority') were one of the three dominant factions in the Russian socialist movement, the others being the Bolsheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries.. The factions emerged in 1903 following a dispute within the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) between Julius Martov and Vladimir Lenin..

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Cúcuta - Wikipedia.

Cucuta (Spanish: ()), officially San Jose de Cucuta, is a Colombian municipality, capital of the department of Norte de Santander and nucleus of the Metropolitan Area of Cucuta.The city is located in the homonymous valley, at the foot of the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes, on the border with Venezuela.It comprises an area of approximately 1119 km 2, with an urban ....

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2007 enlargement of the European Union - Wikipedia.

Negotiations. Romania was the first country of post-communist Europe to have official relations with the European Community.In 1974, a treaty included Romania in the Community's Generalized System of Preferences.After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, membership of the EC, and its successor the European Union (EU), had been the main goal of every Romanian ....

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Soviet occupation of Romania - Wikipedia.

On August 23, 1944, King Michael, supported by all major parties, launched a coup d'etat, thereby overthrowing the pro-Nazi government of Ion Antonescu, and putting Romania's Army on the side of the Allies.As a result, King Michael was the last monarch behind the Iron Curtain to lose his throne, on December 30, 1947.. The coup facilitated the advance of the Red Army into ....

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